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Ancient Mesopotamia
Assyria Nineveh
Arslan Tash Til Barsip
Iran Palace of Darius
Phoenicia Arabia Palmyra
Syrian coast
Ougarit Byblos


Statue of the Goddess Narundi

Sb 54
Richelieu room 8
Around 2100 BC 
This figure is one of the few surviving
examples of cult statues.
The tiara with three pairs of horns
and  the tiered tufted woollen attire
are Sumerian in origin. 
Beneath the feet of the divinity,
we see the animal attribute of the goddess Inanna, goddess of war and sexuality,
with two lions lying down separated
by a flower rosette.

Goddess Narundi : an example of cult statue

This statue of worship shows the importance of the “idols of the nations” (Psalm 135:15) in the temples of the ancient Near East. In the Bible, the only description of a sculpted image is that of the Canaanite god Dagon, who falls to the ground before the ark of the true Lord. - 1 Samuel 5:1-4.
YHWH alone is God Most High (Psalm 83:18). “Who among the gods is like you?” celebrates Moses (Exodus 15:11). These other gods are not only inferior, they are the product of human imagination and “the product of the hands of man, wood and stone, which cannot see or hear or eat or smell.” (Deuteronomy 4:28). The God of Israel will demand from his people exclusive attachment. - Exodus 20:3.  A228
The worshippers of these fictitious gods are presented as “those who exchanged the truth of God for the lie and venerated and rendered sacred service to the creation rather than the One who created.” (Romans 1:25). The apostle also refers to the Devil as “the god of this system of things” (2 Corinthians 4:4). He is the true promoter of countless false gods as he is “the ruler of this world”. - John 12:31.

Golden Calf

Bullock Known as the ‘ Golden Calf ’
AO 14680
Levant room B showcase 3
Miniature found in Byblos.
Illustrates the first form of idolatry mentioned in the Bible
- Exodus 32:1-8.

 Worship of idols in the Bible : constantly condemned

 “You must not make for yourself a carved image.
You must not bow
down to them.” 

Exodus 20:4,5
Although the worship of images is very common
in both Christian and non-Christian religions,
this teaching is not in the Bible.
We find this prohibition concerning the creation
and worship of idols in the Decalogue:
“You must not make for yourself a carved image.
You must not bow down to them.”
(Exodus 20:4,5).
A warning repeated to Christians:
“Flee from idolatry. ” (1 Corinthians 10:14)
and “Guard yourselves from idols.”  - 1 John 5:21,
New American Standard Bible

 “Guard yourselves from idols.”

 1 John 5:21 
The veneration of these pseudo-gods is a flagrant act of disrespect of the Almighty. Jesus himself declared: “You shall do reverence to the Lord your God, and worship him alone!” - Luke 4:8 , Bible in Living English


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